Employers pay federal unemployment tax (FUTA) at a rate of 6.0% on the first $7,000 of covered wages paid to each employee each year. However, employers can offset this tax with credits of up to 5.4% (the “normal credit”) for amounts paid to a state unemployment fund by January 31 of the subsequent year. Thus, the net FUTA rate for many employers is only 0.6%.
Under federal law, states with financial difficulties can borrow funds from the federal government to pay unemployment benefits. However, if a state defaults on its repayment of the loan for at least 2 years, the normal credit available is reduced. This effectively increases the employer's FUTA tax rate by 0.3% for each year in which the loan isn't repaid. Are there states out there that have defaulted on repayment? Of course.
Is your state on the default list? Here is the list and how much it is costing their employers:
--0.9% credit reduction - Indiana.
--0.6% credit reduction - Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.
--0.3% credit reduction - Arizona, Delaware, and Vermont.